Genetically Modified Glow In The Dark Rabbit

That is not to say that enforcing greater controls on independent bioengineers is the solution. âThis is a laboratory for startup experimentation,â Evans explains. âPeople are searching for ways to make a profession out of this. To argue that startups should be subject to extra rules than corporations contradicts much of what America stands for.â Evans notes that although the existing regulatory structure is âcomplex and opaque,â he believes that while it should be improved, the playing field should remain level. Both McCauley and the luminous plant team are concerned that excessive regulation would suffocate the fledgling DIY Bio movement. DIY Bio has been hard to catch on in Europe, for example, due to more onerous bioengineering legislation. Antony Evans, one of the luminous plant team's three members, believes that including his group's innovation alongside weapons and cigarettes gives the message that bioengineering is nasty and hazardous. McCauley is concerned that government authorities would follow Kickstarter's lead, thereby declaring the subject too difficult and contentious and imposing a blanket ban or license rather than taking a more nuanced approach.

The scientists are doing this in part by injecting fluorescent proteins into animals, a green protein found in the Aequorea victoria jellyfish that causes them to shine. Fluorescent proteins enable scientists to monitor the function of changed genes. For their contributions, the pioneers of this approach were even awarded the 2008 Nobel Prize in chemistry. The following are nine genetically engineered animals that now glow as a result of scientific advancements:

"By putting carbon nanotubes into leaves," the MIT article says, "MIT experts have converted spinach plants into sensors capable of detecting explosives and wirelessly transmitting that information to a portable device akin to a smartphone."

The researchers' method, dubbed "plant nanobionics," is one of the earliest examples of building electrical systems into plants. It enables plants to detect nitroaromatic chemicals, which are often employed in landmines. When these substances are detected by the plant, a fluorescent signal is emitted that can be read by an infrared camera.

Certain mosquitoes have been designed to help combat malaria. This illness claims a million lives each year and infects an additional 300 million. These malaria-fighting mosquitoes are resistant to the plasmodium parasite, making infection practically impossible. However, since plasmodium parasites change rapidly, some people question whether we would be better off eliminating mosquitoes. To address this possibility, several researchers developed sudden-death mosquitos that pass on the necessary gene to their progeny. This gene mutation results in the infant mosquitoes dying (naturally of old age) before to sexual maturity. The concern, however, is that without mosquitoes, the whole ecology would suffer, with bats and other predators likely to go extinct.

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