Nobel Prize Literature Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath's bust on the Tagore promenade in Balatonf14red, Hungary Numerous events are held each year to commemorate Tagore: Kabipranam, his birth anniversary, is observed by groups worldwide; the annual Tagore Festival is held in Urbana, Illinois (USA); the Rabindra Path Parikrama walking pilgrimages from Kolkata to Santiniketan; and recitals of his poetry are held on significant anniversaries. This heritage pervades Bengali culture, from language and arts to history and politics. Tagore was hailed as a "towering figure" by Amartya Sen, a "deeply relevant and multifaceted modern thinker." [136] Tagore's Bengali originalsâthe 1939 Rab«ndra Rachanval«âare canonized as one of his country's greatest cultural treasures, and he was relegated to a very modest status as "India's finest poet."

Miguel Angel Asturias, 1967 Miguel Asturias (1899â1974), a Guatemalan writer, was awarded the 1967 Nobel Prize in Literature "for his brilliant creative accomplishment, which is deeply anchored in the national characteristics and traditions of Latin American Indian peoples." Yasunari Kawabata, 1968 Author of novels and short stories Yasunari Kawabata (1899–1972) was Japan's first Nobel laureate in Literature. He received the 1968 award "for his narrative skill, which captures the essence of the Japanese psyche with exceptional compassion."

Biography of Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore (1861–1941) was the youngest son of Debendranath Tagore, a leader of the Brahmo Samaj, a new religious organization in nineteenth-century Bengal that sought to revive Hinduism's ultimate monistic foundations as given down in the Upanishads. He was schooled at home, and while he was transferred to England at the age of seventeen for formal education, he did not complete his studies there. In his latter years, in addition to his many literary endeavors, he managed the family estates, an endeavor that brought him into contact with ordinary people and piqued his interest in social change. He also established an experimental school at Shantiniketan to test his Upanishadic educational objectives. He sometimes joined the Indian nationalist cause, but in his own non-sentimental and imaginative style; and Gandhi, modern India's political father, was a loyal friend. Tagore was knighted in 1915 by the ruling British Government, but resigned the honor within a few years in protest of British policies in India.

Tagore spent extended periods of time outside India beginning in 1912, teaching and reading from his work throughout Europe, the Americas, and East Asia, establishing himself as an articulate voice for the cause of Indian freedom. Tagore's Bengali novels are less well-known than his poetry and short tales; they include Gora (1910) and Ghare-Baire (1916), respectively translated into English as Gora and The Home and the World. Tagore began painting in the late 1920s, when he was in his sixties, and created works that established him as one of India's best modern painters.

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